NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3

NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3

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NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan with Guidelines for Implementation: Tool Kit for the Team


My name is XYZ. My presentation will cover a toolkit for the health management team and a disaster management strategy.

  • Slide 2

During calamities, good care coordination will generally be the critical factor that must be considered if the well-being of communities and populations has to be ensured. This presentation deals with creating a disaster plan and the toolset essentials for the health management team to cope with the hurdles that surfaced due to emergencies, mainly focusing on the requirements of disabled patients (Khirekar et al., 2023). This knowledge enables healthcare professionals and emergency responders to carry out preparedness efficiently and appropriately, including the care coordination needs, disaster elements of plans, required personnel and materials resources, and the regulatory requirements governing disaster relief.

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Care Coordination Needs

The critical point is that we should understand situational dynamics with the location under consideration while identifying the care coordination needs of a community or population during a disaster. Besides, the apparent problems, such as residential areas, infrastructure deficiencies, low demographics, and different cultures, contribute significantly to the impact of hazards (Mukherjee et al., 2023). Take, for example, heavily populated urban areas, which may face evacuation and resource-sharing issues. At the same time, you can have rural communities that could be better supplied and thus need medical facilities and emergency services. If a community is disrupted, it is possible to start a cascade effect, which may lead to changes in healthcare provision. This is because the impacts of infrastructure could prevent medical personnel in affected areas from serving their populations, slow down the distribution of medical supplies, and put medical supplies at risk. Moreover, communication could result in better cooperation between healthcare units, emergency responders, and community organizations, slowing responses and resource distribution.

The previous ones are lessons in the consequences brought to communities by disasters, while coordinating care in times of catastrophic events remains a significant challenge. Events such as hurricanes, earthquakes, or pandemics show the significance of establishing communication protocols, stocking necessary medical supplies, and implementing training exercises for healthcare providers. The positive effects of these events collectively highlight the opportunity for proactive planning, stakeholder partnerships, and adaptive measures to minimize the threats of disasters in future occurrences.

A more elaborate appreciation of the coordinated care needs of a community in the disaster management situation involves all the actors that use their knowledge to forecast, cause, and manage the dynamics of the community, including potential consequences of disruptions and lessons learned from previous cases (Bello et al., 2021). Integrating scientifically sound evidence and a locally attuned response plan is one of the critical strategies for healthcare providers and emergency responders. Such strategy helps them design targeted emergency preparedness programs catering to the peculiar needs of different communities, and consequently, they are adequately equipped to provide prompt and coordinated care.

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Elements of a Disaster Preparedness Project Plan

Analyzing the population with a tendency to experience a higher degree of vulnerability, including older adults or those associated with chronic diseases, healthcare providers can adjust their preparedness plans to cater to these groups and reduce possible risks (Alam et al., 2022).

Formulating the emergency response plan is the core for appropriately dominating care coordination during a disaster. A blueprint for the plan should make communication, resource distribution, and decision-making among healthcare professionals, emergency holders, and public health organizations transparent (Guidolin et al., 2021). The assembly of roles and responsibility platforms beforehand and the inventory of command structures critically ensures covert teamwork that boosts resource use efficiency and effectiveness. Human resources ensure the disaster preparedness toolkit is up to the task. This will range from earmarking supplies to stockpiling essential medical material, entering into supply agreements with respected suppliers for rapid replenishment during emergencies, and creating alternatives for facilities for closures and disruptions (Hou et al., 2024). By actively obtaining resources in the market and devising quick deployment processes, healthcare providers can prevent delays within the care provision and ensure its uninterrupted continuum even during disasters.

Making the healthcare providers, emergency responders, and the concerned community fully aware of the critical points in disaster preparedness and response protocols is indispensable. Such measures entail routine training sessions, tabletop mapping drills, community information campaigns, and other preparatory exercises to spur awareness and readiness. Healthcare workers should be trained and educated to set up people and organizations to quickly react and be in control when a crisis occurs, thus preventing witch-hunting and panic.

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Personnel & Material Resources in Emergencies

Two essential elements of a coordinated response to crises include opening access to the required number of healthcare staff with various capabilities. This covers physicians, paramedics, nurses, allied health professionals, and other well-drilled health workers in emergency and disaster response. Also, if reserve members of the Medical Reserve Corps or community health organizations volunteer, they may help current hospital doctors.

Coordinated care in emergencies will involve the supply of medical accessories and equipment as the eighth fundamental necessity. Such supplies include regular bandages, medications, sterile instruments, advanced systems like ventilators and defibrillators, and those aimed at diagnosing and treating a particular disease or ailment (Pini et al., 2021). Medical resource stockpiles’ and supply chains’ adequacy assessments should account for pandemics’ transportation halts, disruptions, and high demand that can lead to supply shortages during emergencies.

Well-established communication systems ensure coordination between healthcare practitioners, first responders, and communal institutions during a crisis. Furthermore, the system is molded around stable communication tools such as radio networks, cell phones, and internet applications. Presumptions about the communication system’s resilience and functionality must be assessed because problems like network congestion, infrastructure damage, and power outages could ruin or affect the system (Cabrera-Tobar et al., 2023). Transportation to the disaster location and logistics support service to resupply the missing men and equipment in time are necessary for the emergency period. This comprises ambulances, medical helicopters, and other vehicles that can ship medical supplies, patients, and the people who drive them to their destinations. It is necessary to make assumptions about transportation resources, such as road closures, fuel shortages, and heavy traffic. The result of this would be the limitation of movement, thus leading to emergencies caused by evacuation.

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Standards and Best Practice

Adhering to ethical standards is paramount for safeguarding the provision of care, especially in challenging circumstances. Healthcare professionals must uphold beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, and justice to prioritize patient rights and well-being. This includes obtaining informed consent, maintaining patient confidentiality, and avoiding conflicts of interest. Additionally, ethical guidelines provide frameworks for addressing dilemmas such as resource allocation and triage decisions during emergencies, ensuring fairness and equity in care delivery.

Cultural competence is essential for providing respectful and responsive care to diverse patient populations’ cultural and linguistic needs. Healthcare providers should strive to understand and respect patients’ beliefs, values, and practices, recognizing the influence of culture on health behaviors and outcomes (Swihart & Martin, 2023).

NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3

  • Slide 7

Interagency & Inter-professional Relationships

Role of Various Agencies:

Federal emergency management agencies include FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) nationally. The local emergency response departments take charge of the leading role strategies in disaster operations, which involves coordinating these resources, logistics, and public communication. Among the public health agencies, the role of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) at the national level and state health departments at the state level is of utmost importance during disasters, focusing on the activity of surveillance of diseases, investigation of outbreaks and public health interventions to prevent and control the health risks (Burkom et al., 2021). Besides, treatment and care facilities like hospitals, clinics, and health centers contribute immensely to providing necessary medical care and services to the affected people.

Interrelationships and Implications for Care Coordination:

The disaster management system is highly dependent on good agencies and professional relationships. Working harmoniously with emergency management, public health, and healthcare agencies helps produce insight, carry on with shared activities, and jointly utilize available resources. Personal data and health may become decisive factors whose accuracy emergency management agencies will highly trust and rely on. Additionally, emergency management authorities may provide healthcare facilities with logistic support and security when dealing with follow-up steps. The other factors, for instance, interprofessional collaboration with healthcare providers such as doctors, nurses, paramedics, and social workers, should also be emphasized to ensure continuous and consistent treatment (Jabbar et al., 2023). By pooling efforts across health organizations and fields with a multidisciplinary approach, healthcare providers can ensure adequate medical service delivery, implement public health measures, and provide community resilience to post-disaster impacts.

  • Slide 8

Local, National, or International Regulatory Requirements

Local Regulations:

While local governments often have regulations addressing emergencies within their town limits, federal governments usually have a plan prepared for any disaster. These regulations could be provisions of protocols for emergency response, school and business shutdowns, and resource allocation processes spanning among local agencies and organizations. Also, for instance, building codes and zoning controls about creating operations of emergency shelters and medical facilities could emerge in places struck by a disaster. These regulations also insulate humanitarian aid operations against its potential exploitation. Such regulations laid down a code of conduct and ethical guidelines that direct the operations, making it safe for the responders and those directly affected.

National Legislation:

The government implements management regulation programs at the national level to control relief and manage disaster operations. Such a law can elaborate or enact rules for a disaster declaration, factual assistance, and interagency coordination. While, in the United States, the federal disaster response and recovery efforts are controlled by the Stafford Act, the federal agencies, state, and local agencies cooperate in coordinating their disaster relief efforts, executed following the roles spelled out in the Stafford Act. The observance of national legislation avoids any interrelation with established protocols and ways of managing, which again enables a coordinated and effective reaction of the state to the disasters.

International Agreements:

On top of the local and national laws and rules, international treaties and agreements could also have marked effects on how relief tasks will be done, especially when humanitarian needs and catastrophes of vast magnitude are in question. Organizations like the United Nations or the World Health Organization could be the operations coordinator. They would guide the member states and other humanitarian organizations concerning the response to a natural disaster. Several treaties and frameworks, such as the Geneva Conventions and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, have been established with principles and standards drivers for disaster and emergency response, which include the protection of civilians, humanitarian assistance, and resilience to disaster. Implementation of international accords facilitates the unification of relief works. It allows the stakeholders to act synchronized rather than isolated, fostering coordination and collaboration among global stakeholders.

Implications for Coordinated Care:

The impact of domestic, national, and international regulatory requirements in health care services during a disaster has considerable consequences for care management. Compliance with this will organize the campaigns with a system of rules and guidance. This will make it easy to coordinate between the agencies and organizations involved. In contrast, the diverging or joining regulations may bring difficulties by requiring careful coordination and good communication between the stakeholders to guarantee full compliance with the rules. At the same time, the effectiveness and efficiency of the aid are maximized. Moreover, regulatory requirements can regulate resource allocation, capital mobilization, and accountability for the relief aid confinement structure, influencing care delivery to disaster-affected communities.

  • Slide 9

Care Coordination Team

Plan Implementation Overview:

The disaster preparedness project plan gives systematic instructions on coordinating health care during a disaster. Its implementation involves several key aspects: Its implementation involves several key elements:

  1. Policy and Guidelines: The plan includes specific disaster response road maps, which include noble responsibilities for each patient, communication protocols, and a decision-making hierarchy. In such situations, applying these policies will guarantee a standard approach to service provision while ensuring the responsibility of healthcare providers in times of crisis.
  2. Stakeholder Engagement: Keeping up with the stakeholder community, including close collaboration with local agencies, community organizations, and health providers, is essential for mobilizing support and resources during disaster responses. Collaborative partnerships in relief operations are keys to enhancing coordination and efficiency in the relief response.
  3. Resource Identification: The selection of health and other emergency personnel/equipment required for responding to a disaster is the key to making the community disaster-ready and resilient. That means services such as first responders, medical supplies, communication systems, and evacuation routes will be needed. The resort management team can successfully prevent delays and carefully handle disaster risks through preceding threat identification.
  4. Cultural Competence: Cultural and linguistic problems should be acknowledged to make health care suitable for people from different backgrounds and nationalities. Cultural competency programs, accompanied by interpreters, cancel out communication gaps and provide healthcare tuned to personal needs, not universal norms.

Anticipated Questions and Responses:

  1. Question: “Why do they need to be part of our stakeholder engagement process?”

Response: Engaging with stakeholders increases collaboration and the resource pool, which are critical in disability response. We can use this to help mobilize our resources more efficiently and respond effectively to the community´s needs.

  1. Question: “How do we ensure cultural competence in our response efforts?”

Response: Translation and interpreters are vital to our cultural competence training plan during disaster management. By knowing about and respecting cultural peculiarities, we can create a comprehensive response that will also consider the particular needs of people from various groups.

  1. Question: “What if we encounter resistance from certain stakeholders?”

Response: We should do so much more openly and transparently to handle objections effectively. An active listening policy directed towards stakeholders’ opinions and building trust can achieve partnership. The points on mutual benefits through working together for a particular purpose may make it possible to overcome resistance and create a feeling of cooperation.

  1. Question: How do we ensure accountability and policy adherence during emergencies?”

Response: Our disaster preparedness plan provides well-defined instructions and procedures so that we can quickly make decisions and stay accountable during a crisis. These teamwork methods frequently help ensure that all team members are familiar with emergency protocols and can implement them successfully in real-life situations.

We will inform the care coordination team about the meaning of the plan implementation and how to address situations in which there might be questions and objections. Therefore, we will be prepared to get a fast and effective response and, consequentially, protect the whole community.

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NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 1

  • Slide 10


Proactive planning, involvement of the stakeholders, and ethically following regulations are tenets for success in care coordination in disaster situations. With interdisciplinary collaboration, cultural engagement, and careful allocation of resources, the healthcare sector can manage and minimize the effects of disasters on the general public. Through this continuous training and mutual communication with the preparedness roadmap, we will ensure that our care coordination teams have the expertise, agility, and coordinated approach, enabling us to address and offer assistance to those who need it.

  • Slides 11-13


Alam, Md. S., Sultana, R., & Haque, Md. A. (2022). Vulnerabilities of older adults and mitigation measures to address COVID-19 outbreak in Bangladesh: A review. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 6(1), 100–336.

Bello, O., Bustamante, A., & Pizarro, P. (2021). Planning for disaster risk reduction within the framework of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development.

Burkom, H., Loschen, W., Wojcik, R., Holtry, R., Punjabi, M., Siwek, M., & Lewis, S. (2021). Electronic surveillance system for the early notification of community-based epidemics (ESSENCE): Overview, components, and public health applications. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, 7(6), 26–303.

Cabrera-Tobar, A., Grimaccia, F., & Leva, S. (2023). Energy resilience in telecommunication networks: A comprehensive review of strategies and challenges. Energies, 16(18), 6633.

Guidolin, K., Catton, J., Rubin, B., Bell, J., Marangos, J., Munro-Heesters, A., Stuart-McEwan, T., & Quereshy, F. (2021). Ethical decision making during a healthcare crisis: A resource allocation framework and tool. Journal of Medical Ethics, 48(8).

Hou, H., Zhang, K., & Zhang, X. (2024). Multi-scenario flexible contract coordination for determining the quantity of emergency medical suppliers in public health events. Frontiers in Public Health, 12(2).

Jabbar, S., Hafiza Shabnum Noor, Ghazal Awais Butt, Syeda Mariyam Zahra, Aleena Irum, Manzoor, S., Mukhtar, T., & Muhammad Rahil Aslam. (2023). A cross-sectional study on attitude and barriers to interprofessional collaboration among health care professionals in hospitals. A Cross-Sectional Study on Attitude and Barriers to Interprofessional Collaboration in Hospitals among Health Care Professionals, 60(4).

Khirekar, J., Badge, A., Bandre, G. R., Shahu, S., Khirekar, J., Badge, A., Bandre, G. R., & Shahu, S. (2023). Disaster preparedness in hospitals. Cureus, 15(12).

Mukherjee, M., Abhinay, K., Rahman, Md. M., Yangdhen, S., Sen, S., Adhikari, B. R., Nianthi, R., Sachdev, S., & Shaw, R. (2023). Extent and evaluation of critical infrastructure, the status of resilience, and its future dimensions in South Asia. Progress in Disaster Science, 17(2), 100–275.

Pini, R., Ralli, M. L., & Shanmugam, S. (2021). Emergency department clinical risk (L. et al., Eds.). PubMed; Springer.

Swihart, D. L., & Martin, R. L. (2023). Cultural religious competence in clinical practice. PubMed; StatPearls Publishing.

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